Glossary of Fundamental Freight Phrases

The freight business has a novel lexicon, a lot of it rooted in a protracted transportation historical past. The vocabulary generally is a bit overwhelming and complicated to a newcomer.

We’ll discover a number of the most often-used phrases right here:

Abatement – A reduction allowed for injury or overcharge

Accessorial – Some service that isn’t thought of ‘commonplace’ and can incur extra charges. This may embody inside supply, insurance coverage, raise gate service, and different companies

Invoice of Lading (BOL) – Important delivery paperwork which state related names and addresses, locations of origin and vacation spot, description of the shipped items, directions for cost and different related data

Reserving – Arranging for the transportation of freight by a service

Boxcar – A closed rail freight automobile

Provider – The transportation entity which agrees to maneuver freight by rail, truck, sea, air or any mixture of those modes

Cartage – Native (versus interstate or worldwide) freight hauling on vans

Declare – A requirement made upon service for cost attributable to injury or different loss because of service’s negligence in transporting

Classification – Assigned score for specific kind of product, typically figuring out the scale, worth and inherent difficulties in transporting that product. The proper class is crucial for an correct freight quote

Consignee – The particular person or firm to which the freight is shipped

Consignor – The particular person or firm recognized because the shipper of freight

Container – A big metallic field resembling a truck trailer physique that may be shipped by way of vessel or rail after which connected to a trailer chassis for additional transport, containers are available in many sizes and kinds

Deadhead – When a truck delivers a load after which completes one leg of a visit with none cargo

Declared Worth – A shipper can typically obtain a decrease charge if it declares a decrease than precise worth for a cargo, this may be dangerous within the occasion of a loss

Density – The burden of cargo per cubic foot, this measurement is essential to an correct freight quote

Double Drop – An open deck trailer with a raised part within the entrance and rear and a decrease part within the center which can be utilized to move unusually tall cargo

Drayage – Native hauling of cargo by truck Similar as Cartage

Dry Van – Refers to a 53′ trailer which will be heated or vented however shouldn’t be refrigerated

Exception -When a cargo is acquired by a service (often at their terminal), the service notes any precise or suspected injury to the cargo prior to move

Freight – Utilized in a number of totally different manners, can seek advice from the precise cargo or to the costs assessed to a shipper by a service for hauling that cargo

Gross Weight – Cumulative weight of cargo, packaging and freight automobile or container

HAZ MAT – Hazardous Materials

Intermodal – Use of a number of modes of transportation to maneuver containers of cargo – can embody sea, rail, street and air freight transport

LTL or Much less Than Truckload – Cargo by which cargo shouldn’t be massive sufficient to require a complete truck by itself, LTL shipments are typically within the 100 lbs to twenty,000 lbs vary

N.M.F.C. – Nationwide Motor Freight Classification (see Classification above)

Piggyback – An intermodal transport association by which loaded truck trailers are positioned on a rail automobile and moved to a vacation spot

PRO Quantity – The monitoring quantity assigned by the service to a selected cargo

Proof of Supply – Receipt of supply for a cargo

Pup – A brief trailer used along with one other brief trailer to create a twin or tandem trailer

Citation or quote – A proposal to supply freight carriage at a selected worth primarily based upon sure cargo data and phrases

Reefer – Refrigerated container or trailer

Stack-train – A specialty rail automobile which may carry containers stacked two excessive

Step Deck – An open trailer with a normal flatbed part on the entrance and a dropped part within the rear, used to move taller cargo

Tare Weight – The burden of the empty railcar or empty container in rail, sea or intermodal shipments

Tariff – A publication establishing the charges and necessities of a selected transportation firm

Terminal – An space by which freight is organized and ready for loading and dispatch to ultimate vacation spot, cargo will usually go to a service’s terminal after it’s picked up after which positioned in one other container or trailer for transport to its vacation spot, Inter modal cargo is commonly unloaded to a terminal earlier than being organized and positioned for ultimate supply

TL – Truckload freight (the place the quantity of cargo is ample to fill a complete trailer or container

Tractor – The facility unit used to tug a trailer

Trailer – The portion of the truck by which the freight is loaded and hauled

Ventilated Trailer – A trailer with small openings in partitions to permit air to exterior air to flow into by way of when doorways are closed

Warehousing -Storage of cargo

Whereas this listing could appear lengthy, there are a whole lot of different business phrases and catch-phrases that you just may run throughout. Whether or not you’re a novice or skilled shipper, you could hear a brand new time period every now and then. Do not hesitate to contact us to seek out out what any freight-related phrase means at any time.

Glossary of Fundamental Freight Phrases

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